Shared goals, incentive systems, and good monitoring

Long-term solutions to tropical deforestation will depend upon broad support within local societies for low-emission, forest-maintaining development.


Earth Innovation Institute

Why: Progress in slowing tropical deforestation is threatened by insufficient support from farmers and regional governments.

Local societies in tropical forest regions are receiving conflicting messages.

Government policies and programs are usually designed to promote economic growth, including agricultural expansion into forest areas. In contrast, companies that buy beef, palm oil and other products from these regions are demanding products that are “deforestation free”, with a myriad of definitions of what that means.

If the policies and programs of tropical forest regions become harmonized with the market demands, global carbon emissions could decline 5% or more by 2020.


The total budget for the project was NOK 100 million over a five year period (2016-2020). Of this, Norad originally intended to offer NOK 65 million in total for the period 2016-2020, and 35 million with other sources, mostly from Germany.

The Earth Innovation Institute (EII) has extended its project twice, with additional objectives and additional funding.

The total budget for the project is NOK 144 million over a five years’ period (2016-2020). Of this, Norad intends to offer NOK 93.5 million in total for the period 2016-2020, and 50.5 million will be covered by other sources.

What: Shared goals, incentive systems, and good monitoring.

In the previous phase of this work, we learned that tropical deforestation can decline at a large scale when local societies have a shared definition of success in addressing deforestation, food production and other critical issues, and when progress towards this success is supported by appropriate incentives and easily monitored through an accessible, credible performance platform.

Earth Innovation Institute works through their own local teams and through collaboration with farmer organizations, companies, NGOs and governments, to achieve these three pillars of low-emission rural development across large states, provinces or districts.

These jurisdiction-wide plans are implemented through a multi-stakeholder governance structure. This theory of change is already yielding results in Mato Grosso, Brazil and Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, and holds promise in Colombia and Peru as well, which are also project target regions.

Expected results: Target regions implementing production-protection pacts.

As production-protection pacts are brought to fruition within local/regional societies, deforestation will decline and food production will rise, reinforced by markets, public policies and programs.

The Earth Innovation Institute (EII) has extended its project twice, with additional objectives and additional funding:

Addendum I (NOK 16 million): Additional project components were added, among them one additional intermediary outcome: Fish based low carbon protein production strategy integrating aquaculture and managed fisheries established on a low emission rural development trajectory in the Lower Amazon, Pará.

Addendum II (NOK 12.5 million): The Earth Innovation Institute (EII), in agreement with the Center for Global Development (CGD), requested Norad to take over management of the project Unlocking Finance for REDD+ Through Research and Convening.

One outcome was added to the project: “Incentives to achieve REDD+ efforts are established through the new international climate regime and/or other climate, environment and development”.



Earth Innovation Institute (lead), Bonsucro, Forest Trends, Grupo Amaggi, Denofa, Brazilian Working Group on Sustainable Cattle (GTPS), Global Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (GRSB), Unilever, Amazon Environmental Research Insitute (IPAM), Environmental Research and Protection Association (Sapopema), ProForest, Roundtable for Responsible Soy (RTRS), Roundtable for Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), Solidaridad. Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU) was partner in the project from 2016 to 2018.

About the project descriptions

The project descriptions give insight in the NICFI portfolio for civil society organisations supported by Norad. 

The descriptions presented are written by the project partners. Only minor edits have been undertaken by Norad. Their presentations and conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of Norad.

Published 13.07.2016
Last updated 25.06.2019