Carlos Nobre is an Earth System scientist from Brazil. He obtained a PhD in Meteorology at MIT in January 1983. Presently, he is a Senior Researcher with University of São Paulo’s Institute for Advanced Studies, Senior Fellow of World Resources Institute (WRI Brazil) and chair of the Brazilian Panel on Climate Change.
He dedicated his scientific carrier mostly to Amazonian and climate science at Brazil’s National Institutes of Amazonian Research (INPA) and Space Research (INPE). He is the creator of Brazil's National Center for Monitoring and Alerts of Natural Disasters and of INPE's Center for Earth System Science and was Director of INPE's Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies (CPTEC). Nobre's work focused on the Amazon and its impacts on the Earth system.
He chaired the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA), an international research initiative designed to create the new knowledge needed to understand the climatic, ecological, bio-geochemical, and hydrological functioning of Amazonia, the impact of land use and climate changes on these functions, and the interactions between Amazonia and the Earth system. He was chair of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). He was National Secretary for R&D Policies at the Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovation of Brazil and President of Brazil's Agency for Post-Graduate Education (CAPES). He is a former member of UN Secretary-General Scientific Advisory Board for Global Sustainability.
He is a foreign member of the US National Academy of Sciences, and member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences and World Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the Volvo Environmental Prize in 2016, the Von Humboldt Medal of EGU in 2010 and was one of the authors of IPCC AR4 awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007.