Facts about Angola
Bilateral assistance million kroner
Bilateral assistance million kroner
Bilateral assistance million kroner
In recent years, Angola has seen sustained economic growth. The petroleum activity has brought substantial tax revenues.
The country is investing heavily in improvement of its infrastructure, but the oil revenues are providing little benefit to the country’s poorest. After the fall in the oil prices in the summer of 2014, the state budget has been cut.
Thirteen years have passed since the end of the civil war. Norwegian People’s Aid remains engaged in landmine clearance.
Poverty remains widespread, and there are large needs that fail to be met in the social sector, education and infrastructure.
In 2014, Angola was ranked as no. 149 (out of a total of 185 countries) on the UN’s Human Development Index. The country is climbing on indices of development and governance and is politically stable.
Norwegian development cooperation with Angola
The main pillars of the development cooperation with Angola are linked to promotion of industry, human rights and technical collaboration. The Norwegian Embassy in Luanda regards these areas cohesively. If possible, the efforts should be mutually reinforcing.
Foreign aid accounts for less than one half of one percent of the state’s revenues. Norway is one of the most active donors to civil society. This support is channelled through Norwegian Church Aid, UNDP and local organizations.
In 2014, total bilateral aid to Angola amounted to nearly NOK 93 million. Close to three-quarters of this amount was channelled through Norwegian organizations. Other areas of collaboration include research, clean energy and fishery.
In 2012, it was decided to enter into bilateral technical cooperation on human rights. The support to technical cooperation and civil society is channelled through cooperation partners, of which Norwegian Church Aid is one of the key organizations.
Oil for development
Since 1987, Norway has assisted Angola in ensuring that its natural resources are exploited, seeking to ensure that the substantial oil revenues benefit the population through the Oil for Development (OfD) programme.
Today, Angola is Norway’s most important African partner with regard to economic cooperation, because of a major involvement in the oil sector.
In 2013, Statoil alone transferred taxes valuing a total of more than NOK 30 billion to the Angolan state. In 2014, the Norwegian Embassy in Luanda signed a renewed agreement with the Angolan petroleum authorities.
An agreement on institutional cooperation was signed in 2015. The partners are the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the Angolan Ministry of Petroleum.
Norwegian Church Aid was granted support to undertake anti-corruption efforts linked to the petroleum activities.
Norwegian support has assisted in efforts including:
- Preparation of the new Petroleum Act, which entered into force in 2014. A number of regulations pursuant to the new Act have since been prepared, many of which are related to environment and safety.
- The government’s share of the revenues from the petroleum activities have increased. Transfer of competence from Norway has made an impact.
- Transparency around government revenues from petroleum has increased. For example, the state budget is now openly available on the Internet. The Angolan state oil company SONANGOL now accepts international audits.
A number of challenges still remain associated with governance and public administration in Angola.
The Norwegian Embassy has helped develop collaboration between the Angolan research institute CEIC and the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI). The projects will help promote an informed debate on key social issues.
As a result of this support, CEIC has published annual reports on economic, social and energy policy issues. In addition to promoting more open debate, the reports also help ensure better transparency around public spending.
An international conference has been arranged as part of this research collaboration. Its theme was decentralization and introduction of local democracy in Angola.
A total of nearly NOK 10 million was disbursed for purposes of administration in CEIC and its research collaboration with CMI in 2014.
In 2014, NOK 3.8 million was granted to a project on human rights. This project is a collaboration between the Norwegian International Law and Policy Institute (ILPI) and the Angolan Ministry of Justice and Human Rights, and helps provide training in human-rights issues for Angolan public agencies, civil society and academic institutions.
Women and gender equality
Angola is among the countries in which Norway devotes special effort to gender equality. An action plan for women’s rights and equal opportunity has been prepared, seeking to help improve women’s right to power and social participation, and the right to a life free of violence.
The UNDP project Angola Women’s Empowerment received NOK three million in support in 2014. The project is intended to strengthen women’s economic, political and social human rights, and supports the efforts undertaken by various organizations.
The following projects were concluded in 2014:
- The organizations Rede Mulher and ASASP were granted support for capacity-building, both of which focus on combatting violence against women.
- The organization FMEA provides training to women entrepreneurs in how to start one’s own business.
- The organization ADRA was granted support to an adult literacy project.
- The organization Promedia produced a radio drama on women’s rights for Radio Nacional.
UNDP reports that these projects reached out directly to approximately 9 500 persons. In Angola, the number of radio listeners is difficult to estimate.
Six organizations were granted project funds after a public announcement:
- The organization ADAC received support for the establishment of a women’s rape crisis centre. Its objective is to combat violence against women in the Bie province.
- The organization PROMAICA is a network for women in agriculture, located in the drought-stricken southern Huila province. The project’s objective is to introduce more drought-resistant grains/plants to reduce the need for irrigation. • The Development Workshop was granted support to establish a resource centre for civil society actors. The centre will be located in the poor district of Cazenga in Luanda.
- The research institute CEIC was granted support for research on the legal situation of women in Angola.
- Two different projects, implemented by the network for women journalists (FMJIG) and Promedia respectively, focus on women’s rights. They will produce radio drama for national broadcasting.
In 2014, the Norwegian Embassy granted NOK 4.3 million to a collaboration between the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate and Angola’s Ministry of Water and Energy.
The project will support:
- Legal reform in the field of renewable energy; design of policies for electrification of rural areas.
- Measures to enhance energy efficiency.
- Capacity-building in hydrology
The Angolan ownership of the project has been reinforced after a ministerial visit to Oslo in 2014. Clear progress has been made also in terms of legislation. An amendment to the Electricity Act, which will clarify how private investments shall be used, is expected to be passed in 2015. Progress was weaker than expected in the fields of energy efficiency enhancement and hydrology in 2014.
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Norwegian Church Aid receives approximately NOK 26 million for its work in Angola. Norwegian Church Aid collaborates with prominent human rights organizations, as well as with its church partner Council of Churches in Angola (CICA) and its member congregations.
The objective is to strengthen democratic processes. They aim to ensure a more equitable distribution of the wealth generated by the petroleum resources by monitoring national and local budgets. Service provision to the population will be followed up.
Frameworks have become tighter for civil society actors, but CICA has nevertheless been able to exert direct influence on the priorities set by local authorities.
In many cases, the authorities have intervened when projects have failed to proceed as planned. In this way, many local communities have gained better access to schools, water supply systems, health services and improved roads. In a country where civil society organizations have restricted latitude, this is considered a good result.